I am revising a draft of a paper about social entrepreneurs to give at EGOS.
Here is the core idea:
Broadly, I am trying to connect what is known about the research into new forms of organizing with internet with innovation and networks studies
Some baseline assumptions:
1) Innovators and entrepreneurs of any flavor are in a brokerage position and they engage in brokering behavior. (Research by Burt, Obstfeld, Gargiulo, Hargadon comes to mind… I need to find others).
2) New ICT changes make #1 different. Easier in some ways, harder in others.
3) Social entrepreneurs face special circumstances due to value orientation they use. Social entrepreneurs solve social problems or market failures. They move towards a new equilibrium. The “social” of what they do emerges from social change processes unfolding in networks organizations, and institutions of contested agendas (or, formerly contested and now newly legitimate. These include poverty reduction, public health, green design, education access, rural development, climate change, and so on. Looks like usual suspects of civil society concerns. But of course, it should.)
4) The process is usually gradual (uniform)- incremental innovations and experiments accumulate into profound change. The initial recognition can then lead to rapid scaling and diffusion.
5) To fully conceptualize the problem, we need to draw on four research streams: 1) entrepreneurship, 2) networks and innovation, 3) social movements, and 4) technology and socity.
6) A research agenda based on the assumptions and findings includes three questions:
- 1) Do new technologies, by lowering search and coordination costs for actors, spawn more emerging or possible social entrepreneurs (as in, that is their intention)?
- 2) Do technologies, through their ability to foster relations and community, create new value propositions? Transparency, memory, search, and interactivity mean that thick webs of relations, which people value, can create new opportunities for social innovation or entrepreneurship.
- 3) The same properties that create more potential social entrepreneurs and opportunities will also pose new start-up challenges because soc entrepreneurswill be more tied to the necessary networks and institutions that create legitimacy for the social of social entrepreneurs.